Dependent: They show little intellectual curiosity and only learn what they have to learn. Independent: They like to think about themselves.
- An Alternative US Tax Code.
- Information for;
- 10 Ways Educators Can Make Classrooms More Innovative.
- 16 Innovative Ideas to Make Your Teaching Methods More Effective?
- Creative Teaching and Teaching Creativity: How to Foster Creativity in the Classroom;
- 5 Ways for Teachers to Nurture the Creative Genius in Their Students;
- Creative education.
They are autonomous and confident in their learning. They decide what is important and what is not, and enjoy working alone. They avoid teamwork. To know the predominant style of learning the scores corresponding to each style are added and divided by 10, to find the average of the items assigned to each style. A review of the works published between the years and shows few studies on the learning styles in students or professionals of the Physical Education, a situation that happens in many of the careers of education, being the areas of health and engineering that present more inquiries about this subject.
We used Dialnet, Redalyc and Scielo databases, in addition to the scientific collaboration network Researchgate. The studies found included samples of students from Spain 2 studies ; Spain-Venezuela 1 study ; Costa Rica 1 study ; and Chile 9 studies.
A research carried out at the University of Castilla-La Mancha in Spain, where the CHAEA was applied to evaluate learning styles for students of physical education, shows that the predominant style is the Reflexive When comparing between males and females, the former presented higher scores in the Reflexive and Pragmatic styles [ 26 ]. It follows the Pragmatic style with When comparing between women and men, the latter have higher scores in the four styles [ 27 ]. The Spanish students presented scores of Both groups do not present differences in learning style scores by academic institution [ 29 ].
In all three races, students scored higher in the Reflective style A study using the CHAEA questionnaire in students of physical education from a private university in Santiago de Chile shows that the reflective and theoretical style are those that present a higher score, with averages of 6. Another study carried out with students of physical education at SEK University in shows that Using the model of Ned Herrmann, physical education students from a private university in Santiago de Chile were evaluated, showing higher scores in the organized and D holistic brain dominance, while the dominance A logical and C Interpersonal have less development [ 36 ].
In relation to learning styles based on the Visual, Auditory or Kinaesthetic VAK model, students from the SEK University of Chile were evaluated, the kinesthetic style being the predominant in all career years, followed by the visual style and finally the auditory [ 37 ]. Another study from that evaluated students of the 1st and 4th year of physical education at a private university in Santiago de Chile shows that the preferred style is kinesthetic, followed by the visual and after these the auditory, a situation that occurs in both the levels [ 38 ].
These students like to analyze the information, they are cautious and look out the experiences from many points of view. Kolb, Cerebral dominance, and VAK models have been tested in samples with students of physical education of Chile, so will be interesting to carry out measurements in other countries, to test these models with similar samples but with different social and cultural realities. In addition to the theory of learning styles, there are different cognitive factors that influence this process, such as intelligence, creativity, personality, motivation, among others [ 39 ], so it would be utopian to ask teachers to control all these variables, since each subject is different, but it is possible to try to measure them, obtaining a more objective description of the group of students, to know where to start, not only in knowledge but rather a diagnosis of who we are going to educate and how these people prefer to learn.
Knowing the theory of learning styles is imperative for the educator, in addition to using the most appropriate strategies according to the characteristics of each individual [ 40 ]. For example, Dunn and Dunn indicate that children should be educated using methods that fit their perceptual preferences [ 41 ]. On the other hand, it is not only necessary to know the learning styles of the students by the teachers, but also it is the task of the educator to adapt the style of teaching to the way of learning of its students, where the teaching process and learning will be significantly improved [ 42 ].
Another important point is to separate the academic success from the qualifications because there are several investigations of learning styles measuring and correlating these variables [ 43 , 44 , 45 , 46 , 47 ], some with some degree of correlation and most with negative results. Researchers reached the conclusion that the student not knowing his style of learning does not know how to use it to study.
Therefore, it is not only necessary to measure learning styles but also to teach them how to use them appropriately. Finally, and insisting on the relevance of using learning styles as a tool that will facilitate the teacher and the learner in the learning process, it is surprising to see that in a review with the main theories of learning styles CHAEA, Kolb Inventory, Brain Dominance, VAK, etc.
Therefore, this situation leaves us with a very important task to develop in the coming years as experts in physical education, to proposing and structuring appropriate methodologies for each style of learning, enhancing the self-knowledge and learning of these students.
Licensee IntechOpen. This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3. Help us write another book on this subject and reach those readers. Login to your personal dashboard for more detailed statistics on your publications.
We are IntechOpen, the world's leading publisher of Open Access books. Built by scientists, for scientists. Our readership spans scientists, professors, researchers, librarians, and students, as well as business professionals. Downloaded: Abstract The learning styles are cognitive, affective, and physiological traits concerning how students perceive and process information, which is why their knowledge is relevant to enhance the methodologies of classes by teachers and learning strategies by students.
Keywords learning styles physical education reflective diverging dominance kinesthetic. Introduction The term learning style refers to the fact that people use different methods to learn. Models of learning styles Since the s of the last century, different models have emerged to explain and classify learning styles, while some focused on the selection of information and others on how to acquire knowledge. Divided brain model Sperry [ 9 ] generates a model known as a divided brain, which relates the right hemisphere to spatial reasoning, visualization, creativity, musical aptitudes, and the simultaneous and satisfactory processing of information.
Assimilators: perceive abstractly and process it reflexively. Model by Ned Hermann From the split-brain model [ 9 ] and the triune brain [ 16 , 17 ] which posits the existence of three brain layers, each representing an evolutionary state called the reptilian brain that would be responsible for control muscular, respiratory, cardiac, balance, and so on.
Model by Alonso and Gallego y Honey This model was based on the instrument of Honey and Munford, elaborated for professionals of companies of the United Kingdom, which has been adapted and validated by Catalina Alonso. Model of Felder-Silverman The first model proposed by Felder and Silverman [ 20 ] had five dimensions: understanding, processing, perception, reception, and organization; later, the latter was eliminated.
Characteristics 1 Preference to process: this is divided into active and reflective.
Creative Teaching and Teaching Creativity: How to Foster Creativity in the Classroom
Active students learn by working with the material, applying it and testing things. They like to work in groups to discuss what has been learned, tend to retain and understand information through activities. Reflective students prefer to work alone and they like to think about the material used to learn. By being an inquiry-based learning facilitator , the teacher and student undergo the learning process together with student learning lightly guided by the teacher.
Teaching creatively: What is creativity? | Onestopenglish
By using the delegator method, teachers act as a support for students, are able to answer questions and most importantly are there to provide a sense of freedom and independence for the student. Another method commonly used is the cooperative learning style where students work in small groups and the teacher can act as the facilitator, where everyone learns together, or as the delegator, where the teacher gives more free-reign to the student while still pointing them in the right direction. In the teaching styles, especifically the teacher-centered approach to learning, the students put their attention on the teacher, students work alone, and collaboration is prevented.
This is great because students are, in theory, quiet and paying full attention to the teacher while being able to make individual decisions. However, a student may suffer in their communication skills and feel unable to ask questions due to the fact they normally work alone and quietly. Plus, this classic method is sometimes thought of as dull and uninteresting. Direct instruction is a method that uses little technology and relies on lecturing. The teacher may take on the formal authority role, where the teacher is in power due to their senior and level of knowledge over the students.
The other role a teacher can take on in the direct instruction method is that of a personal model. This method uses the teacher as a model of instruction, to lead by example, and students learn by observation. Many schools and classes are taking advantage of the recent advancements in technology which has enabled us to develop a high-tech approach to learning.
The flipped classroom is a high-tech idea developed in by two teachers who began to pre-record their lectures which allow students to learn from home by completing assignments to go along with the lectures. Inquiry-based learning can involve technology by asking the students a question about the world and they have to do some research. The findings could be presented in the forms of a website, self-made videos, or PowerPoints.
- Learning Styles in Physical Education.
- Cute Hottie in Corsett Getting Naked (See a Cute Girl Nude & Naked Stripping Book 7)!
- Health, Brain & Neuroscience.
- Slightly Twisted Passover Parables.
Based on the man who founded Outward Bound , expeditionary learning is a project-based learning involving expeditions and engagement in in-depth topics that impact their schools, communities, and lives. This was created so students can see how problem-solving is happening in the real world, that is, the world around them.
A student in NYC could study statistics about the pollution surrounding them or a student from Alaska could study the snow impact from where they live. G-Suite Google Docs, Google Sheets, and Google Drive is used for this method because it helps students collect and show research in a way that makes it easy for everyone.
The assessments are also personalized and quite individual by using a competency-based progression. This means that once a student has mastered a certain skill or subject, they can move on to the next level, regardless of their current grade level. There is also an emphasis on college and career preparation involved because students work on their own, with a mentor boss guiding them along.
The technology involved is, like the learning itself, quite personalized. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.
16 Innovative Ideas to Make Your Teaching Methods More Effective
This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.
Visualization Bring d ull academic concepts to life with visual and practical learning experiences, helping your students to understand how their schooling applies in the real-world. Cooperative learning Encourage students of mixed abilities to work together by promoting small group or whole class activities. Inquiry-based instruction Pose thought-provoking questions which inspire your students to think for themselves and become more independent learners. Technology in the classroom Incorporating technology into your teaching is a great way to actively engage your students, especially as digital media surrounds young people in the 21st century.
Behaviour management Implementing an effective behaviour management strategy is crucial to gain your students respect and ensure students have an equal chance of reaching their full potential. Professional development Engaging in regular professional development programmes is a great way to enhance teaching and learning in your classroom. Author sarah. The best way to track student mastery October 3, Ask the teacher: What is your top tip for preparing for the new school year? August 7, Data in the classroom: For teachers March 13, Hyginus 1 year ago Reply.
It is very educative and worthy of emulating Thanks. Lei 1 year ago Reply. Arun kumar 1 year ago Reply. Very good and informative for a teacher. Wonderful stuff.
chapter and author info
Thank you. Peace 1 year ago Reply. Thanks Sarah, that was quite informative. Brittani 11 months ago Reply. This is a great Blog and I think every teacher needs to read this.
Related Creative Teaching: Learning with Style
Copyright 2019 - All Right Reserved